Volume 17, Issue 1, Winter and Spring 2020

Use the PSO algorithm to estimate the Cox process parameters.

mohammed Hussein; Muthanna Sulaiman

IRAQI JOURNAL OF STATISTICAL SCIENCES, 2020, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 1-9
DOI: 10.33899/iqjoss.2020.165442

In this paper it was proposed to use the PSO algorithm to estimate the time interval of the Cox process. The results of the proposed method of estimation were compared with the maximum likelihood estimator of estimating the rate of occurrence. The research included a realistic application in which the successive operating periods between two consecutive stops of the raw material mill in per day (from the General Company for Northern Cement / Cement Badush new plant) during the period from 1/4/2018 to 31/1/2019. The average time for machine operating periods was estimated by the methods proposed for use in the research,

New approach for data encrypted and hiding by EMD method

Ghada Younis; Ibrahim Fathallah; Ruaa Mahdi

IRAQI JOURNAL OF STATISTICAL SCIENCES, 2020, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 10-18
DOI: 10.33899/iqjoss.2020.165443

The aim of the research is to encrypt the input text using a suggested encryption method called  Merge Substitution Transposition (MST) based on a proposed table of characters in order to integrate the compensation and replacement methods to encrypt the input text and use the Exploiting Modification Direction (EMD) method, which is a modern method and adopted as an efficient method of concealment in order to hide inside the image and send it to the receiver's hand. The system then acts as a receiver for the sent image to  Embedding decoder, receive encrypted text, perform the decryption process and obtain the original text.
The RGB image system was applied and the proposed algorithm was applied using Matlab language. The proposed algorithm achieved good results by using the PSNR, MSE  efficiency measures on the color images and retrieval all the original  text.

Using Logistic Regression with Time-Stratified Method for Air Pollution Datasets Forecasting

Sura Amir Mohammad; Osama Basheer Hannon

IRAQI JOURNAL OF STATISTICAL SCIENCES, 2020, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 19-28
DOI: 10.33899/iqjoss.2020.165444

Particular matter (PM10) studying and forecasting is necessary to control and reduce the damage of environment and human health. There are many pollutants as sources of air pollution may effect on PM10 variable. Studied datasets have been taken from the Kuala Lumpur meteorological station, Malaysia. Logistic regression (LR) is built by using generalized linear model as a special case of linear statistical methods, therefore it may reflect inaccurate results when used with nonlinear datasets. Time stratified (TS) method in different styles is proposed for satisfying more homogeneity of datasets. It includes ordering similar seasons in different years together to formulate new variable smoother than their original. The results of LR model in this study reflect outperforming for time stratified datasets comparing to full dataset. In conclusion, LR forecasting can be depended after datasets time stratifying to satisfy more accuracy with nonlinear multivariate datasets in which PM10 is to dependent variable.

Inverse Generalized Gamma Distribution with it's properties

Hayfa Abdul Jawad Saieed; Mehasen Saleh Abdulla; Heyam Abd Al- majeed Hayawi

IRAQI JOURNAL OF STATISTICAL SCIENCES, 2020, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 29-33
DOI: 10.33899/iqjoss.2020.165446

In this paper, we introduce a new life time distribution . This distribution based on the reciprocal of Generalized Gamma (GG) random variable . This new distribution is called the Inverse Generalized Gamma (IGG) Distribution in which some of the inverse distributions are special cases. The important benefit of this distribution is ability to fit skewed data that cannot be fitted accurately by many other ungeneralized life time distributions. This distribution has many applications in pollution data ,engineering ,Biological fields and reliability. Some theoretical properties of the distribution has been studied such as: moments, mode, median and other properties.
It is concluded that the distribution is skew with heavy tail and the skewness increased when the shape parameters increased but the scale parameter has no effect on the skewness and kurtosis.

Bayesian estimation for Life-Time distribution parameter under Compound Loss Function with Optimal Sample Size Determination

Safwan Nathem Rashed; Raya Al-Rassam

IRAQI JOURNAL OF STATISTICAL SCIENCES, 2020, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 34-45
DOI: 10.33899/iqjoss.2020.165447

This research aims to find Bayes estimator under symmetric and asymmetric two loss functions, such as the squared Log error loss function and entropy loss function, as well as a loss function that combines these two functions. It's called compound loss function, which is asymmetric in nature. A comparison of the Bayes estimators for scale parameter of Life-Time distribution, which includes a collection of  known distributions under the compound proposed loss function, and its contained loss functions as well as the estimation of optimal sample size. Using a mean square error criterion (MSE), where the generation of the random data using the simulation for estimate Weibull distribution parameters that represents a special case of Life-Time distribution different sample sizes (n=10,50,100) and (N=1000), taking initial values for the parameters , to get to the balanced estimator that add between two loss functions.

Multicollinearity in Logistic Regression Model -Subject Review-

Najlaa Saad Ibrahim; Nada Nazar Mohammed; Shaimaa Waleed

IRAQI JOURNAL OF STATISTICAL SCIENCES, 2020, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 46-53
DOI: 10.33899/iqjoss.2020.165448

 The logistic regression model is one of the modern statistical methods developed to predict the set of quantitative variables (nominal or monotonous), and it is considered as an alternative test for the simple and multiple linear regression equation as well as it is subject to the model concepts in terms of the possibility of testing the effect of the overall pattern of the group of independent variables on the dependent variable and in terms of its use For concepts of standard matching criteria, and in some cases there is a correlation between the explanatory variables which leads to contrast variation and this problem is called the problem of Multicollinearity. This research included an article review to estimate the parameters of the logistic regression model in several biased ways to reduce the problem of  multicollinearity between the variables. These methods were compared through the use of the mean square error (MSE) standard. The methods presented in the research have been applied to Monte Carlo simulation data to evaluate the performance of the methods and compare them, as well as the application to real data and the simulation results and the real application that the logistic ridge estimator is the best of other method.

Building Discriminate Function-Review

Nada Nazar Mohammed; Najlaa Saad; Zaid Tariq Salah

IRAQI JOURNAL OF STATISTICAL SCIENCES, 2020, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 54-63
DOI: 10.33899/iqjoss.2020.165449

Discriminant Analysis has been widely used to classify data into subgroups based on certain criteria. The classification process depends on choosing any variable that shows a statistical significance, then use the selected variables to build the discriminant function. In order to investigate the statistical significance of the variables in our data, we used Roy-Bose procedure for finding confidence intervals and t-test, which is one of the popular variable-selection methods in discriminant analysis. In addition, some other variable-selection techniques has been employed, namely, Forward-Selection, Backward-Selection, and Stepwise-Selection methods, which are usually used to select variables in linear regression analysis. Furthermore, a principal component analysis has been carried out for the purpose of choosing the variables with high statistical significance. The selected variables have been used to build the discriminant function.